Forma y Función
Print version ISSN 0120-338X
DIECK, Marianne. THE FORMATION PERIOD OF THE PALENQUERO LANGUAGE: HISTORICAL AND LINGUISTIC DATA. Forma funcion, Santaf, de Bogot, D.C. [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.1, pp. 11-24. ISSN 0120-338X.
The study of the formation and consolidation of the new American societies necessarily leads to the question of the emergence of Palenquero Creole. Research has suggested the 17th century as the probable period of formation of this language. This study provides further arguments in favor of this hypothesis, arguments based on recently published historical information and on its interpretation in the light of explanatory proposals regarding the genesis of Creole languages that take into account the dilution of the superstrate as the starting point for the formation of new languages. The historical-demographic data provided point to the first half of the 17th century as the period of formation of Palenquero Creole, once the process of dilution of Spanish in the Province of Cartagena had begun, probably toward the end of the 16th century or early 17th century, a period during which maroon activity intensified significantly.
Keywords : formation of Creole languages; Creole languages; Palenque.