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Forma y Función

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DURANTE, Santiago Gabriel. Adverbial clauses in Ayoreo (zamucoan): from parataxis to hypotaxis. Forma. func. [online]. 2021, vol.34, n.2, e8300.  Epub June 08, 2021. ISSN 0120-338X.

The Ayoreo language (Zamuco family) shows a very small set of quasi-universal formants to codify subordinated clauses: the subordinators «uje» and «ujetiga», which also mark realis and irrealis mode, respectively. However, adverbial clauses show a process of specification in which each semantic type of clause tends to receive a specific treatment. Within the framework of Role and Reference Grammar, this work tries to characterize the different formal resources of the language to codify the different semantic types of adverbial clauses. By showing how the language makes use of quasi-universal markers together with other elements to encode this type of constructions, this work contributes to the characterization of the ongoing process of passage of a primarily paratactic system towards one with clearly determined forms of clausal inclusion.

Keywords : Adverbialization; Ayoreo; Clause Combinning; Parataxis; Zamuco.

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