Boletín de Ciencias de la Tierra
versão impressa ISSN 0120-3630
SALAZAR, SUSANA; GONZALEZ, LUIS HERNAN e ARIAS, LUIS ALBERTO. LITHOSTRATIGRAPHYAND PEDOSTRATIGRAPHY OF RECENT DEPOSITS IN THE ALTIPLANO DE SANTA ROSA DE OSOS (ASRO). Bol. cienc. tierra [online]. 2008, n.23, pp. 21-32. ISSN 0120-3630.
Different deposits separated by two regional erosive discontinuities, as well as different kind of pedogenesis that superimposes these deposits, have been identified in the Santa Rosa de Osos Altiplano. In relation with the discontinuities, the deposits are from bottom to top: early deposits, middle age deposits and recent deposits. Several largescale pedogenetic patterns allow the correlation and the elucidation of environmental conditions from which these patterns might have originated. These largescale pedogenetic patterns developed in the recent deposits, are part of the the paleoenvironmental record and can be used as guide horizons defined as pedostratigraphic mantles. Such patterns were identified thorugh litostratigraphic and pedostratigraphic characterization of the material overlaying the discontinuity, which is a regional marker, associated with the "stone line" on other sectors of the Antioquia department. Thus, the litostratigraphy was carried out by means of field descriptions and mineralogical and granulometrical analysis. The pedostratigrahy was based on morphological profile description and physical and chemical analyses, allowing the identification of the profile genesis. This stratigraphic record allows elucidate environmental changes from cooler and dry phases to more humid and fresher with respect to recent climate.
Palavras-chave : Santa Rosa de Osos Altiplano; Pedostratigraphy; Lithostratigraphy; Climate change; Antioquia; Colombia.