Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0120-386X
Objective: to evaluate the formulation and implementation processes of the Healthy Cities Strategy as public policy in Antioquia, Colombia, from 2001 to 2005. Methods: the research was carried out in two sections. A qualitative component was conducted through semistructured interviews and focus groups with the actors involved in the formulation and implementation process of the public policy at the departmental, subregional and local level. The quantitative component is a cross-sectional study in a sample of towns that implanted the public policy. A survey was applied to local health directors of each town selected. Municipality development plans were also reviewed during the period 2004-2007. Results: politic decision taken for the departmental and local authorities about the policy was not enough to assure its development, the governmental intention did not go along viability in different dimensions, and Municipal Development Plans did not guarantee viability or sustentability of the healthy cities strategy as public policy. Conclusions: public policy formulation process was not deliberated, discussed or negotiated, nor political, economic, social or institutional context was taken into consideration. Departamental decision was not the result of an inclusive process intended to assure policy achievement.
Keywords : public policy; healthy towns; formulation; implementation; evaluation.