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Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0120-386X

Resumo

MUESES-MARIN, Héctor Fabio; TELLO-BOLIVAR, Inés Constanza  e  GALINDO-QUINTERO, Jaime. Related Characteristics in men who have sex with men (MSM) that have an HIV+ Diagnostic in Cali Colombia, 2012-2015. Rev. Fac. Nac. Salud Pública [online]. 2017, vol.35, n.2, pp.206-215. ISSN 0120-386X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfnsp.v35n2a05.

In Colombia, voluntary HIV testing in high-risk populations ranges from 20% to 50%. Knowing the characteristics of people who have recently been diagnosed could direct screening and education strategies.

Objective:

to determine the hiv+ frequency and its relation with social demographic factors, knowledge, and behavior in men who have sex with men (msm).

Methodology:

From 2012 to 2015, a descriptive study was conducted in Cali Colombia using HIV screening with the participation of 503 MSM over 18 years of age. Prior informed consent, we used a structured questionnaire and a quick HIV test. The study conducted descriptive analyses comparing groups depending on their HIV diagnosis and used multivariate logistic regression.

Results:

Average age 27.3±8.9 years old. Sixty/three percent had been previously tested for HIV; HIV positive frequency was 13.9%, 95% CI (10.9%-17.0%). There was a higher frequency of HIV positive diagnostic in people >25 (OR=3.1; 95% CI ); with mid-school education (OR=2.8, 95% CI ); use of psychoactive substances (OR=2.0; CI 95%); tattoos/piercings (OR=2.4; , 95% CI ); history of STIs (OR=2.6; , 95% CI ); and those who believed they were at risk (OR=3.2; , 95% CI ).

Conclusions:

The results of the study suggest characteristics that could lead an HIV search in people who have risk factors in addition to their vulnerability because of their sexual practices.

Palavras-chave : HIV/ AIDS; Colombia; Risk behavior; Vulnerability; Men who have sex with men (MSM).

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