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Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0120-386X
On-line version ISSN 2256-3334

Abstract

OTERO-WANDURRAGA, Johanna Alejandra et al. Perceived facilitators and barriers to physical activity in adolescents in Piedecuesta (Santander), in 2016: qualitative analysis. Rev. Fac. Nac. Salud Pública [online]. 2020, vol.38, n.2, e337834. ISSN 0120-386X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfnsp.e337834.

Objective:

Describe the perception of adolescents aged between 12 and 16 years, in Piedecuesta (Santander), in 2016, about the facilitators and barriers that influence physical activity.

Methodology:

Qualitative analysis from a phenomenological approach, with the participation of 20 adolescents who talked about the practice, benefits, environments, influence and company in connection with physical activity , to identify barriers and facilitators, through semi-structured interviews and a focus group.

Results:

Physical activity was limited to physical education classes in most cases. The main companion in extracurricular physical activity was the parent of the same sex. Physical activity represented an opportunity for enjoyment, improvement of physical and mental health, as well as body composition, and to have a break in their daily routine. Lack of time due to academic commitments was the main reason for not doing physical activity. Public places were not always available and they were often not considered to be safe. Space and facilities at school were inadequate, and their use was restricted..

Conclusions:

The school is an important point of convergence for doing physical activity, suggesting the need to strengthen the curriculum in this respect; this environment is a potential facilitator to increasing the level of physical activity in adolescents. It can also be seen as a barrier, given that the practice interferes with academic activities. Improvements in safety and aesthetic appeal in the surrounding community are seen as a facilitator to promoting physical activity.

Keywords : Physical activity; physical education; healthy life style; adolescent; Piedecuesta, Santander (Colombia).

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