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Revista Colombiana de Educación

Print version ISSN 0120-3916


DIAZGRANADOS FERRANS, Silvia. Association between school climate and attitudes supporting violence among colombian students. Rev. colomb. educ. [online]. 2014, n.66, pp.175-202. ISSN 0120-3916.

This study explores whether students who attend institutions with school environments that are caring, ordered and open to student participation exhibit less supportive attitudes towards violence than students in schools that are less caring, less ordered and less open to student participation, after controlling demographic and institutional variables. Pilot data from the 2012 SABER test of citizenship competences in Colombia is used, and multi-level regression models with random intercepts to estimate the attitudes towards violence of 253 students from 39 institutions, according to the quality of their school environments as described by an independent group of 274 peers from the same schools, are employed. Results show that students' supporting attitudes towards violence are negatively, moderately and significantly related with caring school environments (p<.001), positively, moderately and significantly related to ordered school environments (p<.001) and not related to environments that are open to students' participation. After constructing a typology of four school climates, based on different values of care and order, evidence shows that students from authoritarian environments exhibit the highest supporting attitudes towards violence, followed by students from negligent environments, then students from democratic environments, and with the lowest score of all groups, students from permissive environments. Implications of this study for practice, as well as limitations and future research are discussed.

Keywords : School climate; violence; citizenship competences.

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