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Revista Colombiana de Educación

Print version ISSN 0120-3916


RAMIREZ, Carla. Factors associated to academic performance according to level of education and gender among colombian higher education students. Rev. colomb. educ. [online]. 2014, n.66, pp.203-224. ISSN 0120-3916.

The present paper analyzes the socioeconomic and educational factors associated to the academic performance of students who took the Saber Pro exam in 2009, according to gender and level of education. With this purpose in mind, certain data bases from ICFES were used and a data set with 4.031 observations was created. First, a descriptive analysis using frequency distributions was carried out. Next, the independence of variables was tested using the Pearson's chi-squared test. Then, a multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to determine the factors associated to the student's academic performance according to gender and level of education. It was concluded that previous academic performance, measured by Saber 11 scores, is strongly and positively associated with the performance of higher education students, regardless their gender and level of education. On the other hand, socioeconomic and educational variables are weakly associated with the students' performance in higher education as compared to their previous performance in high school education.

Keywords : Higher education; technical education; technological education; Saber Pro; Colombia; academic performance; ICFES.

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