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Biomédica

versão impressa ISSN 0120-4157
versão On-line ISSN 2590-7379

Resumo

FERRO, Cristina; OLANO, Víctor Alberto; AHUMADA, Martha  e  WEAVER, Scott. Mosquitos (Diptera: Culicidae) in the small village where a human case of Venezuelan equine encephalitis was recorded. Biomédica [online]. 2008, vol.28, n.2, pp.234-244. ISSN 0120-4157.

Introduction. The enzootic focus of subtype ID of Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus in the Central Magdalena region (central Colombia) occasionally produces human cases. The report of a VEE infection in a three-year-old girl in the small Chingalé, municipalitype of Puerto Wilches, Santander, motivated this study. Objective. The village of Chingalé was evaluated as the probable site of infection. Materials and methods. In June 2005, mosquitoes were collected with CDC light traps in and outside of dwellings in the village. Trinidad traps were placed in nearby vegetation, and hamsters were used as sentinel animals near homes. Results. One hundred and seven samples, consisting of 14,423 mosquitoes of 35 species were collected. The relative abundance of incriminated vectors of subtype ID of VEE, Culex (Melanoconion) pedroi and Cx. (Mel.) ocossa, was generally low (<4%), but both species were more frequent outside of dwellings than indoors. Cx. (Mel.) ocossa was collected in CDC traps and was more frequent indoors,whereas Cx. (Mel.) pedroi was found in the Trinidad traps. In addition, Psorophora confinnis was present, recognized as a potential vector of the epidemo/epizootic subtype. Mansonia indubitans, another recognized vector, was present at high frequency within dwellings. The exposed hamsters did not become infected. Conclusion. The child may have been infected in or near her home, although the epidemiologic cycle of the virus was not demonstrated within the village of Chingalé. Possibly, infected Culex mosquitoes of the subgenus Melanoconion carried the virus into the village from a neighboring habitat.

Palavras-chave : Encephalitis virus; Venezuelan equine; encephalitis; arbovirus; Culex; Colombia.

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