Print version ISSN 0120-4157
MEJIA, Wilson et al. Insulin-like growth factor receptor I signaling in a breast cancer cell line. Biomédica [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.4, pp. 551-558. ISSN 0120-4157.
Introduction. In vitro studies strongly suggest that proliferation, migration and cell survival of breast cancer cell lines are significantly affected by activation of the IGF type 1 receptor (IGF-IR). Objective. The phosphorylation by IGF-I of IGF-IR and the intracellular signaling molecules Akt (PI-3K pathway) and Erk1/2 (MAPK pathway) was characterized in a human breast cancer cell lines. Materials and methods. The study compared a standard breast adenocarcinoma line (MCF-7) cell line with a line (CSC 1595) derived from an infiltrating ductal breast cancer in a Colombian patient. The CSC 1595 and MCF-7 cell lines were cultured in DMEM supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum, 2 mM glutamine, 100 U/ml penicillin, and 100 µg/ml streptomycin and grown at 37°C in 5% CO2 atmosphere and 95% humidity. Cell extracts were prepared, followed by immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting with specific anti-pIGF-IR, anti-pERK1/2 and anti-pAkt antibodies. Results. After 5 minute stimulation with IGF-I, 70% of the IGF-IR was phosphorylated in the cell line CSC 1595 and 25% in MCF-7. In addition, Akt (oncogene protein v-akt) and ERK1/2 (extracellular signal-regulated MAP kinases) were phosphorylated. Basal and stimulated levels of phosphorylated ERK1/2 were substantially higher compared to those in the MCF-7 cell line. Conclusions. The IGF-IR and MAPK kinase pathway involving proteins ERK1/2 showed more significant phosphorylation in the 1,595 cells compared to the observed in the MCF-7 cell line. Since the IGF-IR is the major activator of this pathway it may play an important role in ductal infiltrating breast cancer tumor growth and metastases.
Keywords : breast neoplasms; cell line; receptor, IGF type 1; mitogen-activated protein kinase 1; 1-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase; oncogene protein v-akt.