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Print version ISSN 0120-4157On-line version ISSN 2590-7379


VALENCIA, Lorena et al. Trypanocidal and cytotoxic activity of extracts of Colombian plants. Biomédica [online]. 2011, vol.31, n.4, pp.552-559. ISSN 0120-4157.

Introduction. The treatment of Chagas disease is based on only two drugs with limited efficacy and significant side effects. The rich biodiversity of the Colombian flora makes bio-prospecting a potential alternative in the search for new antiparasitic drugs. Objective. Potential trypanocidal activity and cytotoxicity was assessed in extracts from 23 Colombian plants. Materials and methods. Extracts of leaves, stems, or of the whole plants were obtained in solvents of a range of polarities. The activity against Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes and the cytotoxicity were evaluated by the MTT enzymatic micro-method. Extracts active against epimastigotes and with lowcytotoxicity were also tested on trypomastigotes and intracellular amastigotes. Results. Among the extracts, biological activity was confirmed in 4 species. The extracts were active on epimastigotes and trypomastigotes; one was active also against amastigotes. The latter extract was isolated from the plant Hieronyma antioquensis and presented IC50 of 3.1 mg/ml for epimastigotes, 11.5mg/ml for trypomastigotes and 2.9 mg/ml for amastigotes. The selectivity indexes were 25, 7, and 27 respectively. Conclusions. The extract from H. antioquensis proved a promising candidate for Chagas disease treatment. Futhermore, the MTT enzymatic micromethod was a useful tool for screening biological activity on epimastigotes and other stages of the parasite for further extract trials.

Keywords : Trypanosoma cruzi; Chagas disease; plants extracts.

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