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Biomédica

versión impresa ISSN 0120-4157

Resumen

VELASQUEZ, Eliana Patricia et al. Frequency of HLA alleles class I and II in a cohort of northwestern Colombian patients with spondyloarthritis. Biomédica [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.1, pp.43-51. ISSN 0120-4157.

Introduction. Spondyloarthritis is a chronic rheumatic disease that affect the axial skeleton and peripheral joints, along with several extra-articular manifestations. The association with HLA-B27 remains one of the strongest known links between these entities and the major histocompatibility complex. However, the global distribution of HLA-B27 varies considerably and furthermore, associations with non-HLA-B27 genes have been described. Objective. The frequency of HLA class I and II was determined in a population of patients with spondyloarthritis with respect to detection in the clinical setting and by radiology. Materials and methods. A descriptive, observational, cross-sectional, retrospective and prospective study was conducted in 56 patients from northwestern Colombia. Each was diagnosed with spondyloarthritis between 2005 and 2008. In each case, alleles were identified for the loci HLA class I and II (HLA-B; HLADQB1 and HLADRB). The frequency of these alleles in the axial, peripheral, extraarticular and radiological manifestations. Results.The frequency of HLA-B27 was 50% overall, and it was the most frequent allele.  The two other alleles were HLA.DRB4*01 at 35.7% and HLA-DQB1*0501 at 28.6%, as detected in each of the clinical and radiological manifestations. A high frequency of HLA-B27 and HLA-DRB4*01 (64.3%) was noted in patients with dactylitis. Conclusion. The alleles HLA-B27, HLA-DRB4*01 and HLA-DQB1*0501 were common in the different subtypes of spondyloarthritis and were frequent in the specific clinical axial, peripheral and extraarticular clinical manifestations, as well as radiological sacroiliitis.

Palabras clave : Spondylarthritis; alleles; HLA-B27 antigen; HLA-DR antigens; HLA-DQ antigens; sacroiliitis.

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