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Biomédica

Print version ISSN 0120-4157

Abstract

MONROY-GOMEZ, Jeison  and  TORRES-FERNANDEZ, Orlando. Calbindin and parvalbumin distribution in spinal cord of normal and rabies-infected mice. Biomédica [online]. 2013, vol.33, n.4, pp.564-573. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v33i4.1552.

Introduction: Rabies is a fatal infectious disease of the nervous system; however, the knowledge about the pathogenic neural mechanisms in rabies is scarce. In addition, there are few studies of rabies pathology of the spinal cord. Objective: To study the distribution of calcium binding proteins calbindin and parvalbumin and assessing the effect of rabies virus infection on their expression in the spinal cord of mice. Materiales y methods: Mice were inoculated with rabies virus, by intracerebral or intramuscular route. The spinal cord was extracted to perform some crosscuts which were treated by immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibodies to reveal the presence of the two proteins in normal and rabies infected mice. We did qualitative and quantitative analyses of the immunoreactivity of the two proteins. Results: Calbindin and parvalbumin showed differential distribution in Rexed laminae. Rabies infection produced a decrease in the expression of calbindin. On the contrary, the infection caused an increased expression of parvalbumin. The effect of rabies infection on the two proteins expression was similar when comparing both routes of inoculation. Conclusion: The differential effect of rabies virus infection on the expression of calbindin and parvalbumin in the spinal cord of mice was similar to that previously reported for brain areas. This result suggests uniformity in the response to rabies infection throughout the central nervous system. This is an important contribution to the understanding of the pathogenesis of rabies.

Keywords : Rabies virus; spinal cord; neurons; mice; immunohistochemistry.

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