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Biomédica

Print version ISSN 0120-4157

Abstract

SEGURA, Ángela María; CARDONA, Doris  and  GARZON, María Osley. Trends in yellow fever mortality in Colombia, 1998-2009. Biomédica [online]. 2013, vol.33, suppl.1, pp.52-62. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v33i0.698.

Introduction: Yellow fever is a neglected tropical disease, thus, knowing the trends in mortality from this disease in Colombia is an important source of information for decision making and identifying public health interventions. Objective: To analyze trends in yellow fever mortality in Colombia during the 1998-2009 period and the differences in the morbidity and mortality information sources for the country, which affect indicators such as the lethality one. Materials and methods: This is a descriptive study of deaths by yellow fever according to the Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística and the incidence of the disease according to the Instituto Nacional de Salud . We used secondary sources of information in the calculation of proportions of socio-demographic characteristics of the deceased and epidemiological measures of lethality, incidence and mortality from yellow fever by department of residence of the deceased. Results: Yellow fever deaths occur primarily in men of working age residing in scattered rural areas, who were members of the regimen vinculado, and who were living in the eastern, southeastern, northern and central zones in the country. We observed inconsistencies in the reports that affect the comparative analysis. Conclusion: The inhabitants of the departments located in national territories and Norte de Santander have an increased risk of illness and death from yellow fever, but this information could be underestimated, according to the source of information used for its calculation.

Keywords : yellow fever; yellow fever virus; yellow fever vaccine; vector control; health surveillance; epidemiological surveillance; health surveillance system; environmental health surveillance; mortality rate.

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