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Biomédica

versão impressa ISSN 0120-4157

Resumo

ALVIAREZ, Yenny et al. Standardization of a direct agglutination test for the immunodiagnosis of Chagas disease . Biomédica [online]. 2014, vol.34, n.2, pp.308-317. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v34i2.2078.

Introduction: Chagas´ disease is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi and its immunological diagnosis is mainly based on the detection of antibodies against T. cruzi using tests such as the ELISA, the indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT) and the indirect hemagglutination test (IHAT). The main disadvantage of the IHAT is the need to prepare sheep erythrocytes, whose availability is limited and they have a short duration once prepared. However, there are alternative tests, such as the direct agglutination test (DAT). Objective: To standardize the direct agglutination test for the diagnosis of Chagas disease. Materials and methods: Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes were prepared using two protocols, with and without trypsin treatment. The parasites were stained and optimal conditions for parasitic concentration and serum dilutions were determined. We evaluated the technique using sera from patients with Chagas disease, from healthy individuals and from individuals with other parasitic diseases. Results: The optimal parasitic concentration was 500 x 10 6 parasites/ml using stained parasites without trypsin treatment. The optimal serum dilutions were 1/25, 1/50 y 1/100 and the cut-off point was the 1/50 dilution. The diagnostic indices for the standardized technique were as follows: Sensitivity, 94.3% (95% CI: 79.5-99.0) and specificity, 96.3% (95% CI: 88.8-99.0), with positive and negative predictive values ?? of 91.7% (95% CI: 76.4-97.8) and 97.5% (95% CI: 90.4-99.6), respectively. Cross-reaction was observed only in three sera from individuals with visceral leishmaniasis. The results were compared with those obtained by IHA, ELISA, and IFA, and the concordance rate was 96% and the kappa index, 0.90 (95% CI: 0.81-0.99). Conclusion: The standardized direct agglutination test could be useful for immunodiagnosis of Chagas disease.

Palavras-chave : Chagas disease; Trypanosoma cruzi; immunologic tests; parasites; antibodies.

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