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vol.34 suppl.1Surveillance of healthcare associated infections, bacterial resistance and antibiotic consumption in high-complexity hospitals in Colombia, 2011Evolution of antimicrobial resistance in Gram negative bacilli from intensive care units in Colombia author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Print version ISSN 0120-4157


PACHECO, Robinson  and  OSORIO, Lyda. Prevalence of Gram-negative bacteria harboring bla KPC gene in Colombian hospitals. Biomédica [online]. 2014, vol.34, suppl.1, pp.81-90. ISSN 0120-4157.

Introduction: KPC enzymes are carbapenemases with a great capability to disseminate and to cause epidemics. They are frequently associated with higher mortality rates and prolonged hospital stay. In Colombia, they have been progressively reported since 2007; however, its prevalence in hospitals is not known. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of bla KPC gene in hospitals. Methods and materials: The presence of bla KPC gene and its clonality were evaluated in clinical isolates of Enterobacteriacea and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in hospitalized patients. Results: Of the 424 isolates tested during the study period, 273 met eligibility criteria, and 31.1% were positive for bla KPC gene; after clonality adjustment, positivity was 12.8%. The bla KPC gene was more frequent in Klebsiella pneumonia, followed by P. aeruginosa and other Enterobacteriacea . Although intensive care units (ICU) provided the majority of the isolates, the bla KPC pattern was not more prevalent in ICUs than in other wards. The respiratory tract was the anatomic source with the highest prevalence. No seasonality was observed associated with the frequency of isolation of microorganisms carrying bla KPC gene. Conclusion: This study revealed a high prevalence of bla KPC gene in microorganisms isolated from different hospitals in Colombia. The extraordinary ability of bla KPC gene to spread, the difficulties for its diagnosis and the limited antibiotics available for its treatment pose the urgent need to strengthen epidemiological surveillance systems, and to timely adjust institutional policies for rational use of antibiotics in order to limit its dissemination to other institutions in the country.

Keywords : Gram-negative bacteria; prevalence; drug resistance, bacterial; cross infection; Colombia.

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