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Biomédica

versão impressa ISSN 0120-4157

Resumo

MONTALVO, Ana M. et al. Molecular identification of Leishmania spp. in clinical isolates from Colombia based on hsp 70 gene . Biomédica [online]. 2016, vol.36, suppl.1, pp.37-44. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v36i2.2688.

Introduction: Leishmaniasis is highly prevalent in Colombia, where at least six different species can cause disease of varying clinical presentations in humans. The identification of the infecting species is quite important for prognosis, therapeutics and epidemiology. Different techniques with variable discriminatory power have been used for the identification. Objective: To carry out the molecular identification of Leishmania species through the amplification of a fragment of the hsp 70 gene. Materials and methods: Molecular amplification of the hsp 70 gene fragment (PCR- hsp 70) followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (RFLP) was done for identification purposes using DNA from 81 clinical isolates of Leishmania . Results: A single amplicon was obtained for all samples analyzed. The enzymatic restrictions of the 81 PCR products identified 70 with a banding pattern corresponding to L. braziliensis with two different patterns (62 and eight isolates, respectively), nine isolates compatible with L. panamensis and two with L. guyanensis . The geographical origin of the isolates is consistent with previous reports about the distribution of the corresponding species in Colombia. Conclusions: The PCR- hsp 70/RFLP technique used is a valid tool for the identification of Leishmania species isolated from clinical samples of patients in Colombia, which may also be applicable to the study of strains obtained from vectors and reservoirs with epidemiological significance.

Palavras-chave : Leishmania; diagnosis; polymerase chain reaction; polymorphism; restriction fragment length.

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