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Biomédica

versão impressa ISSN 0120-4157

Resumo

MICHELLI, Elvia et al. Identification of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli in children with acute diarrheic syndrome from Sucre State, Venezuela . Biomédica [online]. 2016, vol.36, suppl.1, pp.118-127. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v36i0.2928.

Introduction: Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli is an important causative agent of acute diarrheic syndrome. Objective: To identify clonal groups of enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), in 485 children with acute diarrhea aged 0 to 10 years attending health care centers in Arismendi, Benítez and Sucre municipalities, Sucre state, Venezuela, from March to December, 2011. Materials and methods: After obtaining the informed consent, stool samples were collected. Escherichia coli was identified using standard coproculture methods and serology with polyvalent and monovalent antisera. DNA was isolated, and eae (intimin) and bfpA (bundlin) genes were amplified through two multiplex polymerase chain reactions (PCR). Results: The presence of bacterial infection was determined in 39.6% of coprocultures. The prevalence of E. coli was 54.7%; 82.9% of these isolates were positive by serology for the evaluated serogroups and serotypes, which were mostly identified in children between 0 and 2 years (37.9%); 48.6% of E. coli strains amplified the eae gene; of these, 58.8% were classified as typical EPEC ( eae + y bfp +). EPEC II was the most common serogroup (38.7%), with predominance of typical EPEC (60%). In positive strains for eae gene, the β intimin allele was the most frequently identified (74.5%). Only four strains with O157:H7 serotype were identified, which showed no PCR amplification of the eae and bfpA genes. Conclusion: This study showed the importance of molecular tests to identify diarrheagenic E. coli strains causing clinical conditions of varying severity.

Palavras-chave : Escherichia coli; enterophatogenic Escherichia coli; gastrointestinal diseases; diarrhea; polymerase chain reaction.

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