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Biomédica

versión impresa ISSN 0120-4157

Resumen

CASTRO, Claudia et al. Characterization of clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from HIV positive individuals in Colombia, 2012. Biomédica [online]. 2017, vol.37, n.1, pp.86-95. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v37i1.3112.

Introduction:

One third of the increase in tuberculosis cases is attributed to the spread of HIV. In 2012, 1,397 HIV-associated tuberculosis cases were reported in Colombia, i.e., 11.8% of the total cases. Molecular epidemiology tools help to understand the transmission of tuberculosis.

Objective:

To characterize clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis derived from HIV-infected individuals, received at the Laboratorio Nacional de Referencia in the Instituto Nacional de Salud.

Materials and methods:

This was a descriptive observational study. We analyzed 63 isolates of M. tuberculosis from HIV-infected individuals. Identification, drug susceptibility and genotyping assays were performed.

Results:

Of the new cases evaluated, three (5.0%) were resistant to isoniazid combined with streptomycin; two (3.3%) to rifampicin, and one (1.6%) to isoniazid. Previously treated cases were sensitive. No multidrug resistance was evident. Among the predominant genotypes, 20 isolates were (31.7%) LAM9, eight (12.7%), H1, and seven (11.1%), T1. Nineteen isolates corresponded to orphan patterns. One single grouping was observed among tested isolates. We found no statistically significant difference between the proportions of the antituberculous drug resistance and genotypes.

Conclusion:

We found resistant isolates to the most powerful drugs, rifampicin and isoniazid, among new cases, showing the transmission of resistant strains. Genetic families of M. tuberculosis LAM9, T1 and H1 correspond to those described in the general population. We detected no active transmission among studied isolates. More comprehensive studies are needed to assess the real situation of HIV associated tuberculosis in the country regarding sensitivity and transmission.

Palabras clave : Mycobacterium tuberculosis/transmission; HIV; coinfection; molecular epidemiology; drug resistance.

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