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Biomédica

Print version ISSN 0120-4157

Abstract

FERNANDEZ-NINO, Julián A. et al. Profiles of intestinal polyparasitism in a community of the Colombian Amazon region. Biomédica [online]. 2017, vol.37, n.3, pp.368-377. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v34i2.3395.

Introduction:

Intestinal parasite infections and polyparasitism are highly prevalent in the most vulnerable populations of developing countries due to environmental, biological and social determinants common in the transmission of parasites. Children between 1 and 15 years of age are the most affected population.

Objective:

To describe the prevalence and profiles of intestinal polyparasitism in 1 to 15 year-old children from native communities in the Colombian Amazon region.

Materials and methods:

We used a non-probability sampling of 300 children between 1 and 15 years of age from several rural settlements and the main urban area of Puerto Nariño, Amazonas, Colombia, who participated voluntarily in the study. We obtained fecal samples that were analyzed by the direct method (0.85% saline solution-lugol) and the Kato-Katz technique. The most prevalent polyparasitism profiles were identified using Cohen's kappa coefficient with a 95% confidence interval.

Results:

The prevalence of polyparasitism, defined as the presence of at least two intestinal pathogenic parasites, was 84% (95 % CI: 79.35-87.96). Polyparasitism by two or three of the following parasites: Ascaris lumbricoides,Trichuris trichiura, Blastocystis sp., Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus from the Ancylostomatidae family, and Entamoeba histolytica,E. dispar and E. moshkovskii of the Entamoeba complex, had the highest prevalence.

Conclusion:

Several intestinal polyparasitism profiles were found, although in most cases fewer than six parasites were involved. Better prevalence estimations and identification of determinant factors will allow to priorize and direct resources to control these infections.

Keywords : Intestinal diseases, parasitic; helminthiasis; coinfection; parasites; comorbidity; epidemiology; prevalence; Colombia.

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