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Biomédica

Print version ISSN 0120-4157

Abstract

BADEL-MOGOLLON, Jaime; RODRIGUEZ-FIGUEROA, Laura  and  PARRA-HENAO, Gabriel. Spatio-temporal analysis of the biophysical and ecological conditions of Triatoma dimidiata(Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) in the northeast region of Colombia. Biomédica [online]. 2017, vol.37, suppl.2, pp.106-123. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v34i2.3496.

Introduction:

Due to the lack of information regarding biophysical and spatio-temporal conditions (hydrometheorologic and vegetal coverage density) in areas with Triatoma dimidiata in the Colombian departments of Santander and Boyacá, there is a need to elucidate the association patterns of these variables to determine the distribution and control of this species.

Objective:

To make a spatio-temporal analysis of biophysical variables related to the distribution of T. dimidiate observed in the northeast region of Colombia.

Materials and methods:

We used the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (IPCC SRES) data bases registering vector presence and hydrometheorologic data. We studied the variables of environmental temperature, relative humidity, rainfall and vegetal coverage density at regional and local levels, and we conducted spatial geostatistic, descriptive statistical and Fourier temporal series analyses.

Results:

Temperatures two meters above the ground and on covered surface ranged from 14,5°C to 18,8°C in the areas with the higher density of T. dimidiata. The environmental temperature fluctuated between 30 and 32°C. Vegetal coverage density and rainfall showed patterns of annual and biannual peaks. Relative humidity values fluctuated from 66,8 to 85,1%.

Conclusions:

Surface temperature and soil coverage were the variables that better explained the life cycle of T. dimidiata in the area. High relative humidity promoted the seek of shelters and an increase of the geographic distribution in the annual and biannual peaks of regional rainfall. The ecologic and anthropic conditions suggest that T. dimidiata is a highly resilient species.

Keywords : Triatominae; Chagas disease; ecology; climate; spatial analysis; Colombia.

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