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Biomédica

Print version ISSN 0120-4157

Abstract

EGEA, Eduardo et al. Specific IgY anti-group 1 dust mite allergens induced by unglycosylated synthetic oligopeptides. Biomédica [online]. 2018, vol.38, n.2, pp.232-243. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v38i0.3689.

Introduction:

The use of specific antibodies capable of detecting allergens of the group 1 of house dust mites represents a potential strategy to reduce exposure and clinical symptomatology associated with asthma and allergic rhinitis.

Objective:

To produce and purify chicken antibodies specific for the dust mites Dermatophagoides sp. and B. tropicalis using the IgY technology.

Materials and methods:

We designed and synthesized oligopeptides showing immunogenic epitopes of Der p1, Der f1, and Blo t1. These were used to produce IgY antibodies in Hy Line Brown chickens. IgY were extracted from egg yolk using thiophilic chromatography. The immunogenicity and specificity were assayed by indirect ELISA and Dot Blot.

Results:

We obtained high reactivity of IgY antibodies against epitopes of allergens present in whole body mites extracts of D. farinae, D. pteronyssinus, and B. tropicalis. The highest IgY levels were registered between days 32 and 40 after immunization. The antibodies showed high immunoreactivity and specificity towards D. farinae proteins with detection limits above 0.03 µg of mite proteins under the experimental conditions used. Purified IgY did not show significant reactivity when binding to Periplaneta americana extract.

Conclusion:

The IgY technology allowed the production of specific antibodies against house dust mites group 1 allergens using non-glycosylated synthetic peptides. To our knowledge, this is the first time that this immunochemicals are used in the detection of mites of medical relevance.

Keywords : Allergens; antibodies; mites; oligopeptides; egg yolk; Pyroglyphidae.

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