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Biomédica

versão impressa ISSN 0120-4157

Resumo

LEAL, Aura Lucía et al. In vitro activity of tedizolid and other comparator drugs in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in skin and soft tissue infections in seven Colombian hospitals. Biomédica [online]. 2018, vol.38, n.4, pp.507-513. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v38i4.4022.

Introduction:

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) causes severe skin and soft tissue infections in hospitals and, more recently, in the community. Tedizolid is a new second-generation oxazolidinone derivative having greater in vitro potency than linezolid against this type of microorganism.

Objectives:

To evaluate the antimicrobial activity of tedizolid and other comparator antibiotics in MRSA isolates causing skin and soft tissue infections in Colombian hospitals.

Materials and methods:

We conducted a prospective, multi-center descriptive study in seven tertiary-level hospitals in Colombia along a 12-month period. MRSA isolates were collected from adult patients with skin and soft tissue infections. Tedizolid, linezolid, vancomycin, daptomycin, trimethoprimsulfamethoxazole, and clindamycin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined by ETEST® (bioMérieux).

Results:

MRSA isolates were obtained from 102 patients with an average age of 46.8 years of whom 56 (54.9%) were men. Infection was community-acquired in 77 cases (75.4%). Abscess-related samples predominated (69 patients: 67.6%). All isolates were susceptible to tedizolid, linezolid, daptomycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and vancomycin. Tedizolid had greater in vitro activity than linezolid. Tedizolid MIC intervals ranged from 0.125 μg/mL to 0.5 μg/mL while those of linezolid ranged from 1μg/mL to 2μg/mL.

Conclusions:

MRSA strains circulating in Colombia are highly susceptible to tedizolid and can be considered a therapeutic alternative for hospitals and/or community-acquired skin and soft tissue infections.

Palavras-chave : Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; oxazolidinones; soft tissue infections, Colombia.

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