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Biomédica

Print version ISSN 0120-4157

Abstract

ESCOBAR, María Fernanda et al. Experience of a Colombian center in the endovascular management of life-threatening postpartum hemorrhage. Biomédica [online]. 2019, vol.39, n.2, pp.314-322. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v39i3.3837.

Introduction:

Postpartum hemorrhage is a world-leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Lacerations are the second most frequent cause. Early management with appropriate treatment is essential to obtain adequate outcomes; the endovascular occlusion of pelvic vessels is among the management options.

Objective:

To describe the management experience with the arterial embolization of pelvic vessels.

Materials and methods:

We conducted a retrospective case series study based on the institutional registry of Fundación Valle del Lili (Cali, Colombia), which included patients with postpartum hemorrhage admitted between January 1st, 2011 and October 31st, 2016.

Results:

Out of 430 patients diagnosed with PPH, 11 were subject to embolization of pelvic vessels. Within our group, 10 patients had a vaginal delivery with severe vaginal lacerations; most of them (9 cases, 82%) were referred from other lower-complexity institutions after 20.5 hours. Occlusion was more frequent in the superior vaginal and the internal pudendal arteries. No patients showed complications associated with the procedure and only 2 showed recurrent bleeding while 3 required a hysterectomy, but no deaths occurred.

Conclusion:

Percutaneous management is a safe and effective third-line method for difficult-management bleedings control in patients with postpartum hemorrhage after a severe perineal tear. These results are similar to case reports published in the worldwide literature available to date.

Keywords : Postpartum hemorrhage; endovascular procedures; embolization, therapeutic.

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