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Print version ISSN 0120-4157


GARCIA, Ayerim et al. Methicillin resistance and biofilm production in clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus in México. Biomédica [online]. 2019, vol.39, n.3, pp.513-523. ISSN 0120-4157.


Infections associated with health care caused by S. aureus and coagulase- negative Staphylococci multi-resistant to antibiotics cause a high epidemiological impact due to their high morbidity and mortality. Biofilm formation, which has been associated with antimicrobial resistance, can also occur.


To determine methicillin resistance and to quantify the biofilm production to establish if there is a relationship in clinical isolates of S. aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococci.

Material and methods:

A total of 11 strains of S. aureus and 12 of coagulase-negative Staphylococci were studied. Methicillin resistance was determined with cefoxitin discs and the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CSLI), 2018 reference values. Biofilm production was quantified by the crystal violet method. The mecA and icaADBC genes were identified by PCR. A bivariate analysis was performed with chi-square (c2) and Cramér’s V statistical tests, using SPSS™, version 20.0 software.


Nine S. aureus strains were methicillin-resistant and two were sensitive. Eight coagulase-negative Staphylococci strains were resistant and four were sensitive. The mecA genotype was found in eight of the nine S. aureus resistant strains and six of eight resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococci. All strains formed biofilms. Ten strains of S. aureus and 11 of coagulase-negative Staphylococci presented the icaADCB genotype. No association was found between methicillin-resistance and biofilm formation.


Cefoxitin is enough to define the resistance phenotype and is associated with the mecA genotype. All strains formed biofilms and were related to the presence of the icaADCB operon. Biofilm formation and methicillin resistance were independent features in both groups of strains.

Keywords : Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; biofilms; México..

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