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Print version ISSN 0120-4157


JIMENEZ, Adriana; SANCHEZ, Andrés; REY, Andrés  and  FAJARDO, Claudia. Recovery of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria from patients with acute appendicitis using blood culture bottles. Biomédica [online]. 2019, vol.39, n.4, pp.699-706.  Epub Dec 30, 2019. ISSN 0120-4157.


Acute appendicitis is the first cause of acute abdomen, however, there is a little information about the associated bacteria and its sensibility profile.


To identify and to determine the resistance pattern of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria isolated in periapendicular fluid cultures taken in patients with acute appendicitis and to establish the proportions of isolates according to the clinical phase.

Materials and methods:

A descriptive and prospective study was undertaken at the Hospital Universitario de San José (Bogotá, Colombia) of patients older than sixteen years of age, undergoing an open appendectomy. A sample of periappendiceal fluid was taken, which was deposited directly into aerobic and anaerobic blood culture bottles.


One hundred and fifty-four patients were included. The overall positivity of cultures was 87% (n=1344); 77% (n=118) for aerobes and 51% (n=79) for anaerobes. The proportion of positive cultures was lower in the uncomplicated appendicitis cases as compared to the complicated ones (80% (66/83) vs. 95%(67/71), p = 0.003). The microorganisms isolated most frequently were: Escherichia coli (53%) (n=84); Bacteroides spp. (25%) (n=25); Propionibacterium acnes (21%) (n=21); coagulase negative Staphylococci (17%) (n=27); Enterococcus spp. (11%) (n=15), and Fusobacterium spp. (11%) (n=11). The sensitivity of E.coli to ampicillin/sulbactam was 30%. The sensitivity of Bacteroides spp. to clindamycin and ampicillin/sulbactam was 91%. All anaerobe isolates were sensitive to piperacillin/tazobactam, ertapenem, meropenem and metronidazole.


Intraoperative cultures in acute appendicits are relevant in order to determine the local epidemiological pattern and to establish prophylactic and therapeutic antibiotics for this pathology; direct inoculation in blood culture bottles allows a high recovery of microorganisms.

Keywords : Bacterias, anaerobic; bacteria, aerobic; appendicitis; appendectomy; ascitic fluid; microbial sensitivity tests; Bacteroides fragilis.

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