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Biomédica

Print version ISSN 0120-4157

Abstract

NADER, atalie et al. Characterization of patients with bacteremia by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a high-complexity military hospital. Biomédica [online]. 2019, vol.39, suppl.1, pp.86-95. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v39i2.4072.

Introduction:

In Colombia, there are about 500,000 members in the national armed forces who consult military health institutions. In this population, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become a high-incidence pathogen.

Objective:

The aim of this study was to characterize patients with MRSA bacteremia in the Hospital Militar Central between 2012 and 2015.

Materials and methods:

This was an observational descriptive study with a retrospective review of clinical histories of hospitalized patients older than 18 years of age with positive blood cultures for methicillin-resistant S. aureus. The identification of the patients was made using the Whonet system, version 5.6.

Results:

From cultures positive for S. aureus, 24.8% were methicillin-resistant strains, with a higher prevalence in active military personnel. A similar frequency was observed for community-acquired MRSA bacteremias and those acquired at the hospital, with the community phenotype being the most frequent in both groups. The main infectious focus related to the development of bacteremia was soft tissue, followed by pulmonary tissue. There were higher complication rates in nosocomial bacteremias; 34.9% of the patients had prolonged stays attributable to complications triggered by the bacteremia.

Conclusions:

Active military personnel was the most affected population by MRSA, with a similar frequency in community-acquired and nosocomial bacteremias. The main infectious focus was soft tissue. Taking into account these data, studies that establish the prevalence of skin infections by MRSA should be carried out.

Keywords : Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; bacteremia; soft tissue infections; drug resistance; military personnel.

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