SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.39 suppl.1Multidrug resistance and risk factors associated with community-acquired urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli in VenezuelaImportance of investigating Mycobacterium bovis in clinical samples of human origin índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Não possue artigos similaresSimilares em SciELO
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google

Compartilhar


Biomédica

versão impressa ISSN 0120-4157

Resumo

CEDANO, Jorge et al. Clinical characterization of patients with severe leptospirosis in a tertiary hospital in Cali, Colombia, 2010-2016. Biomédica [online]. 2019, vol.39, suppl.1, pp.108-116. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v39i2.3985.

Introduction:

Leptospirosis is an endemic bacterial infection in Colombia. Its clinical course can be variable and occasionally fatal. There are few studies in the country about severe cases of leptospirosis.

Objectives:

To describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with a diagnosis of leptospirosis, and their management in a high complexity hospital.

Materials and methods:

This was a descriptive retrospective study of patients with a serologic diagnosis of leptospirosis between 2010 and 2016.

Results:

We analyzed 87 patients, 74% of them were men, and 84% were older than 18 years; 35% had a comorbidity, the most common being arterial hypertension (16%) and diabetes mellitus (9%). The most frequent symptoms were fever, nausea, fatigue, myalgia, arthralgia, and abdominal pain. The majority of patients required hospitalization in general wards (61%), with a median stay of six days; 34% required management in the intensive care unit, with a median stay of five days. Mortality was 1.1% (n=1). All patients received treatment with either ceftriaxone or doxycycline.

Conclusions:

There is a risk of leptospira infections having a late diagnosis given their unspecific clinical presentation, which generates a high number of differential diagnoses. The early management in the intensive care unit could decrease the incidence of complications and the mortality of patients with leptospirosis.

Palavras-chave : Leptospira; leptospirosis/diagnosis; spirochaetales; Weil disease; risk factors.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )