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Biomédica

versão impressa ISSN 0120-4157

Resumo

ROLDAN, Ingrid Johana; CASTANO, Rodrigo  e  NAVAS, María Cristina. Mutations in the Helicobacter pylori 23S rRNA gene associated with clarithromycin resistance in patients at an endoscopy unit in Medellín, Colombia. Biomédica [online]. 2019, vol.39, suppl.2, pp.117-129. ISSN 0120-4157.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v39i4.4377.

Introduction:

Clarithromycin is the first-line antibiotic for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection. Bacterial resistance is mainly due to the presence of specific mutations in the 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene.

Objective:

To determine the frequency of A2143G and A2142G specific mutations in the 23S rRNA gene associated with clarithromycin resistance of H. pylori in samples from patients with dyspeptic manifestations in Medellín, northwestern Colombia.

Materials and methods:

DNA was extracted from gastric biopsy samples of patients with dyspeptic manifestations seen at an endoscopy unit in Medellín between 2016 and 2017. PCR was performed to amplify the bacterial s and m vacA regions, and a region in the 23S rRNA gene. The presence of the A2142G and A2143G mutations was determined using the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) technique with the BbsI and BsaI enzymes, respectively.

Results:

The prevalence of infection was 44.2% (175/396), according to the histopathology report. The positive samples were analyzed and the three regions of the bacterial genome were amplified in 143 of the 175 samples. The A2143G and A2142G mutations were identified in 27 samples (18.8%, 27/143). The most frequent mutation was A2143G (81.5%, 22/27).

Conclusions:

We found a high prevalence of H. pylori mutations associated with clarithromycin resistance in the study population. Further studies are required to determine the bacterial resistance in the Colombian population in order to define first line and rescue treatments.

Palavras-chave : Helicobacter pylori; drug resistance, bacterial; clarithromycin; stomach neoplasms.

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