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ARTEAGA, Carolina; GRANADOS, Joan  and  OJEDA JOYA, Jair. El comportamiento del tipo de cambio real en Colombia: ¿explicado por sus fundamentales?Behavior of the real exchange rate in Colombia: Explained by its fundamentals?. Ens. polit. econ. [online]. 2013, vol.31, n.72, pp.1-17. ISSN 0120-4483.

In this work, we study the behavior of the real exchange rate (RER) of Colombia, with the help of a co-integration model that takes into account the interaction between the RER and a group macroeconomic determining factors, using quarterly data from the period 1994-2012. These fundamentals include a new relative productivity indicator that enables us to estimate the impact of the Balassa-Samuelson effect on the RER of Colombia. This methodology helps to detect the quarters in which the RER is far from its co-integration relationship and thus, is not explained by the behavior of its fundamentals. The results indicate that the real appreciation observed since the end of 2003 is mainly explained by the increase in terms of trade, and secondly by a proxy of the Balassa-Samuelson effect and due to factors with medium term effects such as the rates differential and risk. Additionally, the dynamics of the RER is mainly explained by the movement in net external assets in the short term and by government consumption in the medium term.

Keywords : Real Exchange Rate; Balassa-Samuelson effect; Terms of Trade; VEC; Net external assets; Misalignment.

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