versão impressa ISSN 0120-4807
OSLENDER, Ulrich. The Banality of Displacement: Turning a (Colour)Blind Eye on the Ethnic Representation of the Internally Displaced in Colombia. univ.humanist. [online]. 2010, n.69, pp. 139-161. ISSN 0120-4807.
Colombia has one of the highest numbers of internally displaced persons, or IDPs, world-wide. Yet, there exists a conundrum. While latest NGO figures put the total number of IDPs since 1985 at 4 million, Colombian government figures show much lower estimates of 1.9 million. In fact, there are significant discrepancies in the ways how IDPs are identified, counted and categorised. Moreover, whereas it is now commonly argued that displacement has affected black populations proportionately higher than mestizo populations, no data exists to sustain such a view. The displaced population has simply not been accounted for in terms of its ethnic composition. In this article, drawing on Hannah Arendt's work on terror and evil, I propose the notion of the "banality of displacement" to explain such a colour-blind approach in the discourses and representation of displacement in Colombia. I will refer in particular to the case of the Afro-Colombian population, drawing on fieldwork data collected since 1996, when I begun to work with the social movement of black communities in Colombia.
Palavras-chave : terror; violence; forced displacement; refugees; Afro-Colombia; black communities; resistance.