Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
versão impressa ISSN 0120-5307
GUZMAN FACUNDO, Francisco Rafael et al. Depression and psychoactive substances consumption in Mexican college undergraduates. Invest. educ. enferm [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.3, pp. 442-450. ISSN 0120-5307.
Objective. To explore the relationship between risk of depression and psychoactive substances consumption in college undergraduates. Methodology. Cross sectional descriptive study in which an instrument that included a) sociodemographic variables, b) Beck depression inventory II (BDI-II) and c) questions about psychoactive substances consumption in life, in the last year and in the last month, was applied to 32 college undergraduates. Results. 52.9% of the students had drunk alcohol and other 33.6% had smoked in the last month. For illicit substances: 3.7% used cocaine, 3.4% marihuana and 0.5% amphetamines. The risk of depression for the sample was: 6.6% had low risk, 3.4% moderate and 1.8% severe risk. Significant differences were found between consumers and non consumers DBI-II means in regards to: alcohol, tobacco, marihuana, and any illicit drug. Conclusion. College undergraduates who have consumed alcohol or marihuana at least once in their life have a higher risk of depression compared to non consumers.
Palavras-chave : students; education; higher; depression; drug users; prevalence; alcohol; smoking; street drugs.