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Investigación y Educación en Enfermería

Print version ISSN 0120-5307
On-line version ISSN 2216-0280

Abstract

PEDRAZA LOPEZ, Judith Susana; CALDERON SIERRA, Leidy Isabel; CARDENAS CARDENAS, Luz Mery  and  AGUDELO CELY, Nancy Aurora. Smoking in the population from 15 to 44 years of age from the city of Tunja, Colombia. Invest. educ. enferm [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp.245-252. ISSN 0120-5307.

Objective. To describe tobacco use, the situation of control measures established in the MPOWER plan, and knowledge regarding smoking and Legislation 1335 of 2009 in individuals from 15 to 44 years of age from the city of Tunja in the department of Boyacá (Colombia). Methodology. Cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in 2010, with the participation of 461 individuals from 15 to 44 years of age from the urban area. A two-stage quota sampling was made. Information was gathered by using the Global Adult Tobacco Survey. Results. A total of 27% of the participants were smokers; the average age for the start of tobacco use was 16 years; 80% of those surveyed manifested annoyance with respect to tobacco smoke in the environment; 33% were exposed to second-hand smoke at the work place and 20% in their homes. Tobacco use was found in public places, as well as actions for promotion and publicity of tobacco products in grocery stores and communication media. Seventy nine percent of the smokers have tried to give up smoking and 24% of them have received information to this respect by a healthcare professional. Conclusion. Tobacco use in Tunja is a public health problem that requires reinforcing strategies to prevent this problem in the city.

Keywords : smoking; cross-sectional studies; population surveys.

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