Acta Biológica Colombiana
versão impressa ISSN 0120-548X
TOVAR BOHORQUEZ, MARIO OSWALDO et al. Histological And Morphometrical Comparison Between Eremophilus mutisii (Trichomycteridae) And Oncorhynchus mykiss (Salmonidae) Eyes. Acta biol.Colomb. [online]. 2008, vol.13, n.2, pp. 73-88. ISSN 0120-548X.
The importance of vision in fishes varies depending on their relationship to their habitat, being crucial for some species, and secondary for other species. The main goal of this work was to make a comparison between the eyes of capitán de la sabana and rainbow trout. The first one, from the cundiboyacense highlands, and the second one, a foreign species introduced in our country, very important as a cultured organism. Histological 5 µm thickness eye sections were obtained. Both species do present the typical teleosteal eye structure with an 8 layers retina, photoreceptor cells (cones and rods), as well as different types of neurons (bipolar, horizontal, amacrine, and ganglionic cells ), and an almost spherical lens. Rainbow trout has cartilage in the sclerotica, while capitán de la sabana does not present this tissue. Mean thickness of the structures in capitán de la sabana are: retina 183.5 41.2 µm, cornea 20.6 5.4 µm and iris 31.2 6.4 µm; mean thickness in rainbow trout are: retina 389.5 65.2 µm, cornea 300.4 101.8 µm, and iris 41.2 13.7 µm. Our results shows thickness differences in retina, cornea, sclerotica, relative eye size, lenses diameter, being larger for rainbow trout. These differences are probably related to differences in sensibility and visual resolution between the species, and do reflect visual system adaptations to different environments.
Palavras-chave : eye; retina; morphometry; trout; capitán de la sabana, rainbow.