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Acta Biológica Colombiana

Print version ISSN 0120-548X

Abstract

MARTINEZ, JOSÉ GREGORIO  and  PARDO CARRASCO, SANDRA. Semen Cryopreservation in Fish: Effects on Sperm Motility and Fertility. Acta biol.Colomb. [online]. 2010, vol.15, n.2, pp.3-24. ISSN 0120-548X.

The cryopreservation of semen in fish, as in many species even shows effects that decrease sperm quality and directly engage cell ability to successfully participate in the processes of fertilization and embryonic development. The characteristics such as mobility and fertilizing capacity of fertilization of sperm are considered to be quality criteria that allow to measure the success or failure of the process, since they are considered integrative variables, being indicators that depend not on a single factor, but on the stability and welfare of all structures, enzymes and subcellular functional compounds that give place to these spermatic characteristics. Membrane damage (adenylate cyclase, ion channels, grouping of other proteins, among others) and their implication in the route of signaling pathway leading to spermatic activation, ATP degradation and fragmentation of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA (genome), degradation of kinase enzymes and other cytosolic proteins (proteome) are considered today, as some of the molecular factors that most affect during cryopreservation and markedly decreasing the fertilizing capacity and mobility of sperm in fish. Proposals on the molecular mechanisms, by which these subcellular factors interact and act as consequence of cryopreservation are some of the topics covered in this review. Understanding the principles and factors that are involved in the origin of such damages, will allow to improved cryopreservation processes, making them less harmful and more efficient.

Keywords : cryopreservation; fertilization; genome; proteome; spermatic motility.

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