Acta Biológica Colombiana
versión impresa ISSN 0120-548X
AVILA SANCHEZ, LEIDY ANDREA; BLANCO MARTINEZ, JENNIFER TERESA y CHAPARRO-GIRALDO, ALEJANDRO. Current Situation of Genetic Resources Access in Colombia by Research Groups Registered in Colciencias. Acta biol.Colomb. [online]. 2010, vol.15, n.2, pp. 115-130. ISSN 0120-548X.
The Access to genetic resources by research groups in Colombia was assessed through checking their investigation projects that have been reported in the Colciencias national database GrupLAC. This inspection was realized in order to make and approach to the current genetic resources access status in the country. From the whole groups considered, 13.7% make genetic resources access. The research groups worked with 252 different species including plants, animals, bacteria, fungi and viruses. Regarding material source, 61% was taken from in situ conditions and 33% from ex situ conditions. The most part of the techniques used in research projects are molecular techniques (76%). The institutions that have research groups were gathered in 10 categories, among which private (29%) and public (39%) universities must highlight. On the other hand, is very low the percentage (1.0%) of investigation projects with a marketing potential. From the whole 595 projects, only six have generated patent protected results. None of the projects reviewed have agreement in access to genetic resources.
Palabras llave : Genetic resources access; GrupLAC; Decision 391 of 1996; Biological Diverse Convention of 1992.