Acta Biológica Colombiana
Print version ISSN 0120-548X
RIVERA RONDON, CARLOS ALBERTO; ZAPATA, ANGELA MARÍA and DONATO RONDON, JHON CHARLES. Morphometric Study of Lake Guatavita (Colombia). Acta biol.Colomb. [online]. 2010, vol.15, n.3, pp. 131-144. ISSN 0120-548X.
Morphometric characteristics of the Lake Guatavita were investigated in order to disclose possible connections with its ecological functioning and discuss some hypotheses that exist about the origin of this lake. The lake has a basin with a conical shape, low perimeter development, maximum depth of 30 m and relative depth of 7.9%. The hypsographic curve reveals a constant increase of the sectional area with depth. The lake shape promotes a permanent thermal stratification during eight months of the year with a hypoxic hypolimnion and a strong vertical gradient in the conductivity and ammonium concentration. These results indicate an important role of depth on the physical and chemical lake characteristics which in turn explain the dynamics of biological communities and are responsible for a relatively low phytoplankton primary productivity.
Keywords : Bathymetry; physical limnology; mountain lake; phytoplankton primary production.