Acta Biológica Colombiana
versión impresa ISSN 0120-548X
BLANCO LEZCANO, LISETTE et al. Effect of the Mk801 and (-) Nicotine Intracerebral Administration on Glu and Gaba Extracellular Concentration in the Pedunculopontine Nucleus from Rats. Acta biol.Colomb. [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.1, pp. 61-76. ISSN 0120-548X.
Although the pharmacological manipulation of the glutamatergic and cholinergic systems have been studied in animal models of Parkinson´s disease (PD), only some authors have done work on this topic at the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN). The present work studied the changes in glutamate (Glu) and δ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) extracellular concentrations (EC) in the PPN from hemiparkinsonian rats by 6hydroxydopamine injection. The rats were locally perfused by MK-801 (10 µmol/L) or (-) nicotine (10 mM) solutions by cerebral microdyalisis. The biochemical studies were carried out through high performance liquid chromatography coupled to fluorescence detection. MK-801 infusion induced a significant decrease of Glu (p< 0.01) and GABA (p< 0.01) EC in PPN. On the other hand (-) nicotine infusion induced a significant increase of Glu (p< 0.001) and GABA (p< 0.001) EC in PPN from hemiparkinsonian rats. The local blockade of NMDA receptors by MK-801 infusion facilitates the interaction between Glu and their metabotropic receptors that take part in presynaptic inhibition mechanisms and interfere with neurotransmitters release. Meanwhile, the nicotine infusion sums the effects of nicotinic receptor activation with the glutamatergic and gabaergic neurotransmission changes produced in the PPN in the parkinsonian condition. The cholinergic and glutamergic drug infusion in PPN impose a new adjustment to the neurotransmition at this level that is added to the neurochemical changes associated to dopaminergic denervation.
Palabras llave : MK-801; Nicotine; Pedunculopontine nucleus; Glutamate; GABA.