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Acta Biológica Colombiana

Print version ISSN 0120-548X


GIL, JULIANA et al. The PthB Protein from Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Manihotis is an Autoactive in Yeast Two-Hybrid Assays. Acta biol.Colomb. [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.1, pp.109-120. ISSN 0120-548X.

Cassava bacterial blight disease is caused by the gram-negative bacteria Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (Xam), and constitutes one of the most important constraints for cassava production. One of the first determinants of pathogenicity identified in this bacterium is the PthB gene. The PthB protein belongs to the PthA/AvrBs3 family, characterized by the presence of Nuclear Localization Signal (NLS) and Acidic Activation (AAD) domains, suggesting that these proteins are transcription factors. The identification of cassava proteins interacting with PthB could give insights about the function of this protein in the pathogenicity of this bacterium. In this work we cloned PthB in the yeast two hybrid expression vector pLAW10, generating a fusion protein with the Binding Domain (BD) of the transcription factor GAL4. In this work, PthB was cloned in a translational fusion with Gal4-BD (DNA Binding Domain). After transforming this construct into a yeast strain, autoactivation of the reporter genes was observed, even at the highest concentrations of 3-AT. The deletion of the first, second or both NLS and the AAD did not eliminate the ability of autoactivation of PthB. These results show the impossibility of using PthB to screen a cassava cDNA library to identify the proteins interacting with PthB.

Keywords : cassava; cassava bacterial blight; yeast two-hybrid; PthB.

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