Acta Biológica Colombiana
Print version ISSN 0120-548X
GONZALEZ S., LUIS ALEJANDRO; BONILLA, ANA and VELASQUEZ, JENNIFFER. Lizard Karyotipe Tropidurus hispidus (Sauria: Tropiduridae) in the East of Venezuela. Acta biol.Colomb. [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.2, pp. 121-134. ISSN 0120-548X.
A cytogenetic study by Giemsa staining in three xerophytic regions (continental, peninsular and insular) in eastern Venezuela, showed a diploid number 2n=36, consisting of 6 pairs of metacentric and submetacentric macrochromosomes and 12 pairs of acrocentric microchromosomes maintained, this feature in males and females in the three populations studied. It was determined that the first pair of macrochromosomes is metacentric and the continental region represents 13% of total relative length (LRT) as the larger chromosome, with respect to the peninsular population with 9.4% and the insular population 7.1%, the latter population containing the smallest chromosomes. Whereas chromosomal differences and geographic isolation exists, these lizards have a process of vicariant allopatric speciation.
Keywords : Tropidurus hispidus; chromosomes; karyotype.