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Acta Biológica Colombiana

Print version ISSN 0120-548X

Abstract

ROMAN REYNA, VERÓNICA  and  LOPEZ, CAMILO. Functional Genomic Analysis of Cassava Proteins with TIR domains. Acta biol.Colomb. [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.3, pp.559-574. ISSN 0120-548X.

Proteins containing a TIR domain (Toll Interleukin Receptor) are involved in plant and animal immunity. The aim of this work was to carry out an overall genomic analysis of cassava proteins with a TIR domain and discern their possible role in resistance to cassava bacterial blight. In total 46 proteins with a TIR domain were identified in the cassava proteome and were classed in four categories according the presence or absence of other domains: TIR (T), TIR-NB (TN), TIR-LRR (TL) and TIR-NB-LRR (TNL). 56.6 % of these 46 proteins have TIR, NB and LRR domains. Using multiple alignments it was possible to demonstrate that not all cassava TIR domains contain the aE region, involved in dimerization and activation of immune responses. Three of the four proteins categories (T, TNL and TN) presented a higher number of synonymous substitutions suggesting that they are not involved in recognition process. Two TIR domains not presenting the aE region were analyzed by yeast two hybrid assays and by agroinfiltration, finding that both are able to form homo and heterodimers, but they do not trigger defense responses. With this study it was possible to conclude that TIR domains can function as adaptors in the signal transduction with other resistance proteins. In addition, it became clear that not always the aE region is important for TIR dimerization but it seems necessary to activate defense responses signals.

Keywords : Bacterial blight; cassava; genomics; TIR domain; resistance.

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