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Acta Biológica Colombiana

versão impressa ISSN 0120-548X


FAHL, Willian Oliveira et al. Rabies Transmitted by Bats in Brazil. Acta biol.Colomb. [online]. 2015, vol.20, n.3, pp.21-35. ISSN 0120-548X.

Considering that rabies represents a challenge for the livestock industry and public health in Latin America, this article is intended to do a comprehensive and critical literature review on the epidemiology of rabies transmitted by bats in Brazil. The subject is addressed from a historical perspective to molecular characterization of rabies virus isolates and finally making a contrast with other countries of the Americas. Information concerning Brazil is presented separately because of the abundance of bats species with different feeding habits, involved in the transmission of rabies virus and the complex relationships between epidemiological cycles in this country, which have been disclosed by antigenic typing and phylogenetic analysis. This has allowed to recognize more clearly the importance of bats as reservoirs and transmitters of this disease. This new epidemiological scenario requires reappraising current control measures, using a multidisciplinary approach, intersectoral cooperation and community participation.

Palavras-chave : bats; epidemiology; rabies.

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