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Acta Biológica Colombiana

versão impressa ISSN 0120-548X


CERQUERA, Alexander; MUNOZ, Jeimy; ARAYA, Joaquín  e  GOMEZ, Olivero. Recording of Electrical Activity in the Retina of an Albino Rat Employing a Microelectrode Array. Acta biol.Colomb. [online]. 2015, vol.20, n.3, pp.37-46. ISSN 0120-548X.

The microelectrode arrays (MEA) are devices that allow the detection of action potentials or spikes in populations of excitable cells, offering a wide spectrum of applications in topics of Neurosciences and Biology. This work describes a protocol for recording of spikes in a population of retinal ganglion cells employing a microelectrode array. The retina of an albino rat was dissected and prepared to be stimulated in vitro with white led light and to record their evoked spikes. Each microelectrode can record spikes from more than a ganglion cell, for which it was necessary to determine which cell fires each spike applying a procedure known as spike sorting. The work allowed to obtain the recording of a stimulation period and another of non-stimulation, representing evoked and spontaneous action potentials. The recordings were saved, in order to visualize the action potentials of the ganglion cells detected and to apply a computational method for the spike sorting. In this way, it was saved the time stamps in which each action potential was fired by its respective cell. This work established a basic experimentation protocol focused to the use of MEA devices in the laboratory for acquisition of extracellular potentials at the Antonio Nariño University - Bogota Headquarters, not only for characterization of action potentials fired by retinal ganglion cells populations, but also for other kind of cells that can be studied employing MEA devices.

Palavras-chave : evoked potentials; extracellular potentials; retinal ganglion cells; spike sorting.

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