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Acta Biológica Colombiana

versión impresa ISSN 0120-548X

Resumen

RINCON SANTAMARIA, Alejandro; CUELLAR GIL, Jorge Andres; VALENCIA GIL, Luis Felipe  y  SANCHEZ TORO, Oscar Julián. Kinetics of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus Growth Using Cane Molasses and Sucrose: Assessment of Kinetic Models. Acta biol.Colomb. [online]. 2019, vol.24, n.1, pp.38-57. ISSN 0120-548X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/abc.v24n1.70857.

Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus is a plant-growth promoting endophytic bacterium used as a microbial inoculant for different crops. The objective of this work was to apply different mathematical models to represent its growth in a batch submerged culture employing a 3-L bioreactor and using sugarcane molasses and sucrose as energy sources. The time profile of pH, cell biomass, and total sugars was obtained. Models studied were compared considering their fit quality and complexity, and a parametric sensitivity analysis was performed. Four- and five-parameter models with expressions involving substrate and biomass inhibition effects were considered. The Herbert-Pirt-Contois model achieved the highest fit quality with determination coefficients of 0.888 and 0.425 for biomass and substrate, respectively. These values indicate a higher correspondence between the experimental data of biomass concentration and the data calculated by the model, compared to results obtained for total sugars for which this correspondence was lower. This model reached the best combination considering the fit quality and complexity according to the Akaike's information criterion. The kinetic study performed enabled to observe a bi-phasic behavior in the growth stage of the bacterium when grown on molasses, and a growth limitation effect due to biomass concentration. The outcomes obtained provide a mathematical description useful for design, scale-up, and operation of a future process for the production of a microbial inoculant based on G. diazotrophicus.

Palabras clave : Growth models; nitrogen-fixing bacteria; sensitivity analysis.

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