Revista Salud Uninorte
versão On-line ISSN 2011-7531
LIZARAZU DIAZGRANADOS, Ismael; ROSSI TRESPALACIOS, Celia; IGLESIAS ACOSTA, Jesús e MENDOZA TORRES, Evelyn. Metabolic syndrome in staff and faculty of Universidad Libre in Barranquilla, 2009. Salud, Barranquilla [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.1, pp. 41-53. ISSN 2011-7531.
Objective: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its risk factors in accordance with the criteria of the NCEP ATP III of2001 that was modified by the American Heart Association (AHA) and the IDF (International Diabetes Federation) in 2005. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on a sample of 124 workers from the University Libre in Barranquilla, staff and faculty, composed of 47 men and 77 women. Participation was voluntary and the study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the University. We assessed the variables: age, sex, perimeter of the waist, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, glycemia when fasting, levels of physical activity, consumption of alcohol and tobacco. Results: The prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome was 23.39 per cent in men and women. The most prevalent, 52.94 % was found in men 50 to 60 years old; and in women, 50 per cent between the ages of 40 and 50. Cardiovascular risk factors found in the population were: central obesity 93.1 %, consumption of alcohol, 82.76 %, hypertriglyceridemia, 75.86%, systolic blood pressure, 55.17 %, low HDL cholesterol, 72.41 %, physical inactivity, 79.31 % and tobacco use, 31.03 %. Conclusions: Results show that metabolic syndrome is present in an important number of staff and faculty members of the institution. It is important to carry out more similar studies in a wide range of the population in order to plan opportune intervention to reduce coronary or cerebrovascular events leading to labor disability.
Palavras-chave : Prevalence; metabolic syndrome; risk factors; cardiovascular disease; hypertension; obesity.