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Revista Salud Uninorte

versão impressa ISSN 0120-5552


BORDA PEREZ, Mariela et al. Depression and risk factors in pregnant women of 18 and 45 years old who attended in the Hospital Niño Jesús in Barranquilla (Colombia). Salud, Barranquilla [online]. 2013, vol.29, n.3, pp.394-404. ISSN 0120-5552.

Objective: To determine prevalence of risk factors for depression in pregnant women of the Hospital Niño Jesus, in Barranquilla, in the first semester of 2012. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study in a sample of 151 pregnant women in prenatal care. We study variables: socio demographic, gynecological and obstetric, psychological and psychiatric history. Depression was measured with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, is classified with a cutoff greater than or equal to 13. Tabulated by the software: Excel and Epi-info 2000, V 3.5.3, results are presented in tables and graphs and analyzed with: percentages, mean and standard deviation, Odd Ratio and 95%, Chisquare and p. Results: depression was 19.2 %. Average age: 24.78 years (± 5.35), 57.6 % were of lower class, housewives 72.6 % and 88.7% lived with their partners, mean gestational age of: 28 (±-4) and 25% of women with depression had a history of this. Risk factors, tending to the association were: history of previous abortion OR 3.39 (95 % CI 1.41 to 8.15), some degree of family dysfunction OR 2.78 (95 % CI 1.08 to 7,1) activity outside the home and 2.92 (95 % CI 1.03 to 8.23). Conclusions: Depression in pregnancy was appeared when exist a background of abortion, some degree of family dysfunction and activity outside the home.

Palavras-chave : pregnancy; depression; EPDS; risk factors.

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