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Revista Salud Uninorte

Print version ISSN 0120-5552


RODRIGUEZ-VELASQUEZ, Javier et al. Cardiac dynamic systems in normal neonates: Neonate chaotic cardiac law. Salud, Barranquilla [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.3, pp.361-370. ISSN 0120-5552.

Objective: To characterize mathematically normal cardiac dynamic on neonate in four states: Quiet asleep, Active asleep, Quiet awake, and Active awake, to develop a generalization determining all possible normal attractors. Materials and methods: Based on dynamic system theory, there were taken minimal and maximal RR intervals on a neonate in four behavioral states. Were made a simulation of cardiac dynamic frequency for each state building chaotic attractors. Later were quantified occupation spaces and fractal dimensions of the attractors on Box Counting general space, searching similarities and differences between these dynamic states. Finally there were calculated all possible normal attractors, based on an exponential law previously developed for adults cardiac dynamic. Results: There were found differences in every four behavioral states, comparing space occupation measures, which had values of 199 for S1, 131 for S2, 61 for S3 and 175 for S4 on Kp grille. Also there were found fractal dimension values distinguished for every state. Normal attractor's total number was 4602. Conclusion: There were developed a new a causal physical-mathematical methodology of neonate cardiac dynamic, which allow distinguish different behavioral states and establishment of all normal dynamics.

Keywords : dynamic systems; fractal; neonate; chaos; RR intervals.

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