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Revista Salud Uninorte

Print version ISSN 0120-5552
On-line version ISSN 2011-7531

Abstract

RAMIREZ-GIL, Jenny et al. Frontonasal and Frontofacionasal Dysplasias. Case Report. Salud, Barranquilla [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.3, pp.658-664. ISSN 0120-5552.  http://dx.doi.org/10.14482/sun.31.3.4710.

Objective: To report two cases framed within frontonasal dysplasia spectrum, found in the outpatient dysmorphology clinic of a tertiary level hospital in the city of Cali. Materials and Methods: A literature search was done in several available medical databases, it were used the standardized terms and the search was oriented principally to the differential diagnosis of many of the diseases of the spectrum of frontonasal dysplasia. Results: We report a case of frontonasal dysplasia type 1 and a case of frontofacionasal dysplasia. These are two rare congenital anomalies, of which there are not a specific prevalence, and only there are case reports and series. They have a wide spectrum of facial malformations, including frontonasal hypoplasia and / or severe medial clefts in the nose, lips, mouth and forehead. The differential diagnosis is based on the commitment of other structures such as the skull, brain, eyes and limbs. Diagnosis is supported on clinical findings and it is made a comparation between them for a differential diagnosis, also it is decribed the embryogenic explanation of these dysplasias.

Keywords : congenital anomalies; Frontonasal spectrum dysplasia; Frontonasal dysplasia; frontofacionasal dysplasia.

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