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Revista Salud Uninorte

Print version ISSN 0120-5552On-line version ISSN 2011-7531


PINZON, Hernando et al. Congenital malaria by Plasmodium vivax: case report. Salud, Barranquilla [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.1, pp.234-239. ISSN 0120-5552.

We describe the case of congenital malaria by Plasmodium vivax of a neonate of 25 days of age, who consults for fever and persistent jaundice. The initial suspicion aimed to a diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. The neonate living in Cartagena (Colombia) had a perinatal history of jaundice and a maternal history of gestational malaria diagnosed at the fourth month. The mother reported having lived the first seven months of her pregnancy in Tierralta, Córdoba (Colombia), which is an endemic area of malaria. Subsequent to the results of the peripheral blood smear of the neonate, the presence of Plasmodium vivax was demonstrated. The antimalarial treatment was performed with chloroquine, with effective clinical improvement. The importance of having congenital malaria as a differential diagnosis in neonatal infections, sepsis and unexplained fever or in infants with hemolytic anemia, jaundice and hepatosplenomegaly in patients from malaria endemic areas is highlighted.

Keywords : Congenital Malaria; Sepsis; Pregnancy; Plasmodium vivax; Neonate.

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