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Ingeniería e Investigación

Print version ISSN 0120-5609


GALLO CASTRO, John Jairo; VALLEJO DIAZ, Bibiana Margarita  and  PLAZAS BONILLA, Clara Eugenia. Manufacturing capability as a technological development indicator in the pharmaceutical industry. Ing. Investig. [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.1, pp.112-117. ISSN 0120-5609.

The pharmaceutical industrial has five subsectors: medicines, cosmetics, phytotherapeutics, cleaning products and medical devices. The medicine subsector consists of organisations producing, importing and selling these products. Most studies about this industry have been guided by economic interests without assessing technological aspects of production. This article was aimed at proposing a methodology for assessing and describing the medicine sector according to its technological development by using the manufacturing capability concept. The main information was taken from the Colombian Medicaments and Food Surveillance Institute´s (Instituto Nacional de Vigilancia de Medicamentos y Alimentos - INVIMA) databases related to pharmaceutical plant production in Bogotá, including material transformation facilities. This study led to three characteristics being identified for defining the pharmaceutical industry´s manufacturing capability: that related to the pharmacological group to which active pharmaceutical ingredients belong, that linked to specifications regarding medicines´ sterility and that related to the technology required for manufacturing each pharmaceutical product. An analysis of these features has thus been presented and some technologies have been identified which have not been transferred or assimilated by the organisations being studied. It was found that manufacturing capability should be considered as being an indicator of the degree of technological development in these subsectors in Colombia.

Keywords : manufacturing capability; technology transfer; materials´ transformation; pharmaceutical supply chain; pharmaceuticals.

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